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"Maseru — whose name is a Sesotho word meaning “place of the sandstone” — is the capital city of Lesotho and also the capital of the Maseru District. It is situated on the Caledon River, which separates Lesotho from South Africa, and is Lesotho’s only sizeable city, with a population of approximately 227,880 (according to a 2006 census). At the end of the Free State-Basotho Wars in 1869, Maseru was established as a small police camp by the British when Basutoland became a British protectorate. It was not long before it grew into a busy market town."
Gain More Background About the Country
"What is now Lesotho was inhabited by hunter-gatherers, called the San Bushmen by the whites, until about 1600, when refugees from Bantu tribal wars began arriving. In 1818, Moshoeshoe, a minor chief of a northern tribe in what was to become Basutoland, brought together the survivors of the devastating Zulu and Matabele raids and founded the Basotho nation."
"Lesotho, officially known as the Republic of Lesotho, is a country completely landlocked by South Africa. There is a total of 16 countries including Lesotho that are landlocked in Africa."
"Cattle represent wealth in Lesotho and the Basotho value cows above money. The wealthy villager usually lives in a concrete block house with a metal roof instead of a rondoval, and usually has two outdoor bathrooms as opposed to the single outhouse other families possess and often share. The very wealthy send their children to private schools and often to the one university in Lesotho at Roma, or to England or Canada for further education. In the villages, an automobile is an unusual and significant symbol of upper social status."
Start Preparing for Your Trip
Quick Facts: Entry & Exit, Safety & Security
Vaccinations: Routine vaccinations, Hepatitis A, Typhoid
Visas: Not required for US citizens for a stay up to 90 days
What to Pack: "In traditional/rural villages women must wear something to cover their head when addressing the chief. Light scarves used as a head wrap can serve this purpose."
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Enjoy a Little Lesotho from Home
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