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"Almaty was founded in 1854, when the Kazakhs were still nomads, as a Russian frontier fort named Verny on the site of the Silk Road oasis Almatu which had been laid waste by the Mongols. Cossacks and Siberian peasants settled around it, but the town was twice almost flattened by earthquakes, in 1887 and 1911. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries it was a place of exile, its best-known outcast being Leon Trotsky."

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"Human activity in the region began with the extinct Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus one million–800,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and the Caspian and Balkhash areas. Neanderthals were present from 140,000 to 40,000 years ago in the Karatau Mountains and central Kazakhstan. Modern Homo sapiens appeared from 40,000 to 12,000 years ago in southern, central, and eastern Kazakhstan. After the end of the last glacial period (12,500 to 5,000 years ago), human settlement spread across the country and led to the extinction of the mammoth and the woolly rhinoceros. Hunter-gatherer communes invented bows and boats, and used domesticated wolves and traps for hunting."

Fun Facts and Trivia:

"The apple trees originated in the mountains of the Central Asia, namely Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uyghur Autonomous Region of China."

Customs and Culture:

"You will be served tea and bread, even if you are not invited to a meal. Since Kazakhs consider bread to be sacred, serving bread is a sign of respect. When served tea, your cup will often only be filled halfway. To fill the cup would mean that your host wanted you to leave."


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Quick Facts: Entry & Exit, Safety & Security

Vaccinations: Routine vaccinations, Hepatitis A, Typhoid

VisasNot needed for a stay up to 30 days

When You Arrive

Water Safety: Drink bottled water

Currency: Tenge; Exchange Rate

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Tourist Information Site: Plan Your Trip

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Where to Go

7 Best Places to Visit

Enjoy a Little Kazakhstan from Home


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Travel Guide
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